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Silene latifolia Poir.

Voy. Barbarie ii. 165. 1789, 1789
ID: 184 | IPNI



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Description:

Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene latifolia Poiret, Voy. Barbarie 2: 165. 1789. ≤Ê÷¶”¨◊”≤›(‘≠—«÷÷) cha zhi ying zi cao Herbs annual or biennial, rarely perennial, dioecious, 40–80 cm tall. Stems erect, branched, basally villous, apically glandular villous. Proximal cauline leaves elliptic, base attenuate into short petiole; distal leaves sessile, orbicular-lanceolate or lanceolate, 6–8 × 1–2.7 cm, densely pubescent, 3-veined, apex acuminate. Flowers unisexual, forming dichasial cymes. Pedicel usually less than 1 cm, glandular villous; bracts ovate-lanceolate, villous. Calyx pubescent, glandular hairy; calyx teeth triangular, margin glandular villous, apex acuminate; male flower calyx tubular-campanulate, 1.3–1.5 cm, longitudinally 10-veined; female flower calyx tubular-ovoid, inflated at middle in fruit, contracted at apex, 1.5–2 cm, longitudinally 20-veined. Androgynophore very short. Petals white, claws exserted beyond calyx, glabrous, cuneate, auricles inconspicuous; limbs obovate, deeply bifid; coronal scales small or inconspicuous. Stamens included. Female flower styles 5. Capsule ovoid, 1.5–1.7 cm, 10-toothed. Seeds gray-brown, reniform, 1–1.3 mm. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Jul–Aug. 2n = 24. Grasslands, brushy grasslands; 1100–1500 m. Liaoning (introduced), Xinjiang (native) [C and SW Asia, Europe]. 1a. Fruiting calyx strongly inflated; capsule teeth spreading or recurved 46a. subsp. latifolia 1b. Fruiting calyx slightly inflated; capsule teeth erect 46b. subsp. alba
Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene latifolia subsp. latifolia ≤Ê÷¶”¨◊”≤›(‘≠—«÷÷) cha zhi ying zi cao (yuan ya zhong) Lychnis divaricata Reichenbach; Melandrium boissieri Schischkin; Silene alba (Miller) E. H. L. Krause subsp. divaricata (Reichenbach) Walters; S. pratensis subsp. divaricata (Reichenbach) McNeill & C. Prantice. Fruiting calyx strongly inflated; capsule teeth spreading or recurved. Seeds with flat surfaces. Grasslands, brushy grasslands; 1100–1500 m. Xinjiang [SW Asia, S Europe].


Comment:

Superordinate taxon: Silene latifolia Poir. (ID: 82)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered

Sequences

No Sequences registered

Specimens

No specimens registered

External data:

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