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Silene asclepiadea Franch.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 422. 1887 ; et Pl. Delav. 84 (1889), 1887
ID: 146 | IPNI
== Melandrium asclepiadeum (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz. ex Pax & K.Hoffm., ,
=Melandrium viscidulum var. szechuanensis (F.N.Williams) Hand.-Mazz., Symbolae Sinicae, Pt. 7, 205 [Handel-Mazzetti], 1929("var. szechuanense" i protologen) ==Lychnis adenantha (Franch.) Diels, Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 7:302, 1912==Melandrium adenanthum Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. 7, 204 (1929)., ("Hand.-Mazz." i IK) Basionym: Silene adenantha Franch., Pl. Delavay. ii. (1889) 84., Type: China, Delavay n. 1910 (K!), Delavay 1910 K , amb
=Melandrium kermesinum Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. 7, 205 (1929)., Basionym: Silene kermesina W.W.Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11: 224. 1920, 1920 Type: China, Forrest 12913, Forrest 12913 BM , amb
= Silene lutea Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 420. 1887, 1887 Type: China, Yun-nan, in silvis inter Hoang-li-pin et Song-pin; supra Tapin-tze, fl. fr. 18 Aug. 1885 (Delav. n. 1914), Delavay 1914 P? , amb
=Silene viscidula var. szechuanensis (F.N.Williams) Hand.-Mazz., Symbolae Sinicae, 205 [Handel-Mazzetti], 1929(Forrest 4309; Maire 423/1914, 521/1914, 1159; Bonati ser. B 2825, 2938, 2967, 3257, 3983, 6187, 6728, 6749, H-M 5213, 10327) Basionym: Silene szechuanensis F.N.Williams, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 428, Type: China, Soulié n. 111 (K! P!), 1893, Soulié 111 K , amb
= Silene asclepiadea var. glutinosa Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 422. 1887 ; et Pl. Delav. 84 (1889), 1887 Type: China, In monte Hee-chan-men, alt. 3000 m., supra Lankong; fl. 31 jul. 1885 (Delav. n. 1910), Delavay 1910 P , amb

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Reference: Zhou L., Wu Z.-Y., Lidén, M. & Oxelman, B. (2001). Silene (110 spp.). In Wu Zhengyi & P. H. Raven (eds). Flora of China. 6: 66-100
Silene asclepiadea Franchet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 422. 1886. ’∆¬ˆ”¨◊”≤› zhang mai ying zi cao Lychnis adenantha (Franchet) Diels; Melandrium adenanthum (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti; M. asclepiadeum (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti ex Pax & K. Hoffmann; M. kermesinum (W. W. Smith) Handel-Mazzetti; M. viscidulum (Franchet) Williams var. szechuanensis (F. N. Williams) Handel-Mazzetti; Silene adenantha Franchet; S. asclepiadea var. glutinosa Franchet; S. kermesina W. W. Smith; S. lutea Franchet; S. szechuanensis F. N. Williams. Herbs perennial, basally crispate-puberulent to subglabrous, apically glandular hairy. Roots clustered, cylindric, fleshy. Stems diffuse, to 1 m, much branched. Leaves sessile, broadly ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 4–7 × 2–4 cm, glabrous or sparsely hairy abaxially and at veins adaxially, conspicuously 3- or 5-veined. Dichasial cymes lax and broad; proximal pedicels to 5 cm, subsequent ones much shorter, densely glandular hairy; bracts ovate-lanceolate, herbaceous, glandular pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 8–12(–13) × ca. 4 mm, base rounded, slightly inflated in late maturity, densely violet glandular villous at veins; calyx teeth triangular-ovate, subobtuse and shortly ciliate. Androgynophore 1–2 mm. Petals ca. 1.5 cm; claws cuneate, glabrous, erose above; limbs violet or pale pink, 4-lobed; medial lobes narrowly rotund; lateral lobes linear, small; coronal scales subsquarrose, margin dentate or entire. Stamens and styles exserted; filaments glabrous. Styles 3. Capsule ovoid, ca. 1 cm, shorter than persistent calyx. Seeds reniform, with auricular pit. Fl. Jul–Aug, fr. Aug–Oct. • Brushy grasslands, forest edges; 1300–3900 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan. The type material of Silene kermesina is slightly heterogeneous; the specimen at BM has slightly larger and less hairy calyces, whereas the specimen at E fits well with our concept of S. asclepiadea.


Superordinate taxon: Silene sect. Cucubaloideae Edgeworth & J.D. Hooker (ID: 818)

Included taxa

No included taxa registered


No Sequences registered


No specimens registered

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